Canada and WWI: The Causes of WWI

There were many events leading to the World War .  “On June 28, 1914 Archdurke Franz Ferdinand was killed by Gavrilo Princip, a member of the “Black Hand” while visiting Bosnia (within the Austro Hungarian Empire).”   (Falk, Plante, Miller, & Figueira, 2006, p. 45)  The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand  set in motion a chain of events that led to the World War.  However, the creation of the Triple Entente and Triple Alliance may have been the initial cause of tensions between the countries involved.

Canada was likely involved due to influence of Britain.  Many Canadians considered themselves to be proud British subjects as many were freshly immigrated from Britain. (Cranny & Moles, 2001, Pg 8).  I believe British Nationalism played a heavy role in much of Canada’s activities during and before the War.  However it is not so present now as Canada has become recognized as quite an independent country.

I believe Canada made the right choice in participating in the war.  While true many lives were lost; Canada’s participation has allowed other countries to recognized its independence and reliability.  As well due to Canada’s many Military victories we have been able to be recognized as a hardy and accountable military force despite our relatively small military.  As well, going into War allowed for Women to enter the workforce and subsequently their recognition as ample voting citizens.

Armistice Day, Munitions Centre

Armistice Day, Munitions Center [Photograph; Victory Celebration at Canadian Munitions Center.] At: http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/guerre/war-impact-e.aspx (Accessed on 09.25.13)

References:

Canadian Museum of Civilization (2012).  The War’s Impact on Canada. Retrieved from: http://www.warmuseum.ca/cwm/exhibitions/guerre/war-impact-e.aspx

Cranny M. , Moles G. , (2001).  Counter Points Exploring Canadian Issues.  Pearson Education Canada Inc., Toronto, Ontario

J.A. Falk, Yvette P. , Jorda M. & Mark F. (2010).  Social Studies Eleven Student Workbook. Hazelmere Publishing  Surrey, British Columbia

(1996) Myrna A. , Anita C. , Stephanie E. , Christopher M. & Jay W.  Canada’s Role in WWI.  Retrieved from:http://www.mta.ca/library/courage/canadasroleinwwi.html

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Canada and WWI: The Effect of the War Measures Act and the NSA Spying Program

The War Measures Act a method to prepare Canada for war.  When put in place the War Measures Act allowed the government to do anything for the sake of Canada’s safety and readiness in the war.   Naturally such a decree infringed on the legal rights of Canadians as it essentially allowed the government to enact any law, deport anybody or seize any property as long as it was deemed helpful in the war effort (Claude B. [1999] The War Measures Act.) 

It had varied effects on Canadians.  While natural for the government to seize more control during times in which national security is threatened; it was used to do very cruel things as well.  During the WWI the Canadian Government detained thousands of Canadians who had Ukrainian ancestry as they were born in Austrian/Hungarian Empire; as well they outlawed Jehova’s Witnesses as an organization and banned texts and works in other languages (Claude B. [2004] The War Measures’ Act.)  These events are clear misuses of the War Measures Act.  As a result of these events the War Measures Act was “replaced by the Emergencies Act, which created more limited and specific powers for the government to deal with security emergencies” (Dennis S. [2012] War Measures Act.)

The War Measures Acts is very much similar to the NSA’s domestic spying program as it was enacted by George W. Bush after 9/11; an event which set America on the War Against Terrorism.  The spying program entailed the monitoring of Internet and call histories as well (2013) How the NSA’s Domestic Spying Program Works.  Another reason the War Measures Act and NSA spying program are very alike is due to the intrusive nature of both programs.  However, the War Measures Act differs from the spying program as the War Measures Act had been used for more exclusive punishments (I.e Detaining Canadians with Ukrainian descent) while the spying program was used to watch all American citizens.

However, that is not to say I agree with what the NSA is doing.  The fact that the NSA is infringing on the privacy of the American populace still stands, and that in itself is not right.  The spying program does not appear to be yielding any meaningful results and has been the result of a paranoid government. I believe it should be abolished as it only seeks to increase the tensions between the American Populace and its government.

WAR MEASURES ACT

Headline. War Measures Act Invoked [Photograph; Headline announces War Measures Act in Ottawa”.] At: http://www.winnipegfreepress.com/local/flq-didnt-mean-to-kill-people-quebec-author-105014434.html (Accessed on 09.23.13)

References:

Dennis, S. (2012). War Measures Act.  Retrieved from http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/articles/war-measures-act

(2013) How the NSA’s Domestic Spying Program Works.  Retrieved from: https://www.eff.org/nsa-spying/how-it-works

National Post (2013). NSA has now Cracked into Common Internet Encryption. Retrieved from http://news.nationalpost.com/2013/09/06/nsa-secret-supercomputers-broke-encryption-codes-partnered-with-tech-companies-for-software-back-doors-reports/

Marianopolis Colllege (2000) The War Measures Act. Retrieved from http://faculty.marianopolis.edu/c.belanger/quebechistory/docs/october/wm-act.htm

Marianopolis College (2004) The War Measures’ Act. Retrieved from http://faculty.marianopolis.edu/c.belanger/quebechistory/readings/warmeas.htm

(2011, May. 11) The War Measures Act [Web Log Message] Retrieved from http://canadianjapaneseinternmentcamps.wordpress.com

Canada before WWI: British and Canadian Relations

As a fellow members of the common wealth Britain (the UK to be more specific) and Canada have had close relations for a long period of time.  However, before the first World War Canada’s relations with Britain were significantly better.  That is not to say they are strained in the present; “however, most English-speaking Canadians were proud to be British subjects” (Cranny & Moles, 2001, Pg 8) before the war as many Canadian citizens still had close ties to Britain.  This is largely in part to Canada being less of a culturally diverse country before the twentieth century; as “most Canadians were ethnocentric” (Cranny & Moles, 2001, Pg 9.)

However not all Canadians were fond of the British influence in Canada; specifically the French-Canadians.  “During the South- African War in 1899 many English-speaking Canadians wanted to participate.  However, many French-Canadians were opposed”(2013, Canada Foreign Relations.  Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/91513/Canada/43003/Foreign-relation)  This was the case in the first World War as well.

The current relations of  Canada and Britain are not very eventful now however.  Canada has taken upon itself to become a rather independent nation.  However, there are still many signs of Canada’s close allegiance with Britain.  For example, the picture of the current monarch is still on Canadian currency.  As well, many roads, parks, towns and other municipal areas are named after British towns and nobles.  While Canada no longer has a predominantly British culture, its  British heritage is still very much present.

Flag of Commonwealth

Common Wealth. Common Wealth [Photograph; Flag of the Commonwealth”.] At: http://www.flags.net/COMN.htm (Accessed on 08.15.13)

References:

Cranny & Moles. (2001). Counterpoints: Exploring Canadian Issues.  Pearson Education Canada Inc., Toronto, Ontario.

J.J Mcullough (2013) 20th Century Canadian History.  Retrieved from http://www.thecanadaguide.com/20th-century

Norman L Nicholson (2013) Canada Foreign Relations.  Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/91513/Canada/43003/Foreign-relations

About Me

My full name is John Wayne Luste.  I am currently taking Socials 11 as you can tell by the title of the blog.  I really like listening to music; my favourite genres being Jazz and Neo Soul.  My favourite artists are Janelle Monae and Esperanza Spalding.  Outside of listening to music I tend to gravitate towards to learning about various topics.  Be it current events, history, world culture, etc.

My parents really like travelling and moving about which has resulted in me not loving it so much.  However, I do like going out for walks; so long as I know my surroundings well.  I do not have a problem with going out or travelling so long as the setting is familliar.

English is my second language and I am able to speak and understand my native language relatively well.  Despite living here for most of my life I still have difficulties finding my way around; I can not name any of the streets either.  My favourite season is the Winter because it rains a lot more.  As well, the heat goes away which I like.

The Electric Lady

The Celebrity News Blog. (2013) The Electric Lady: Janelle Monae Streaming her New Album Online Listen Here [Photograph; Cover Art of Janelle Monae’s Album: The Electric Lady“.] At: http://thecelebritynewsblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Janelle-Monae-The-Electric-Lady-new-album.jpg  (Accessed on 08.09.13)